Recent discoveries in the field of two-dimensional (2D) materials have led to the demonstration of exotic devices. Although they have new potential applications in electronics, thermally activated transport over a metal/semiconductor barrier sets physical subthermionic limitations. The challenge of realizing an innovative transistor geometry that exploits this concern remains. A new class of 2D assembly (namely, "carristor") with a configuration similar to the metal-insulator-semiconductor structure is introduced in this work. Superior functionalities, such as a current rectification ratio of up to 400,000 and a switching ratio of higher than 106 at room temperature, are realized by quantum-mechanical tunneling of majority and minority carriers across the barrier. These carristors have a potential application as the fundamental building block of low-power consumption electronics
(c) The Authors. Article funded by SCOAP3.