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Reducing the Photodegradation of Perovskite Quantum Dots to Enhance Photocatalysis in CO2 Reduction

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Title
Reducing the Photodegradation of Perovskite Quantum Dots to Enhance Photocatalysis in CO2 Reduction
Author(s)
Lee, Hanleem; Meeree Kim; Hyoyoung Lee
Publication Date
2021-01
Journal
CATALYSTS, v.11, no.1
Publisher
MDPI
Abstract
© 1996-2021 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Solution-processed perovskite quantum dots (QDs) have been intensively researched as next-generation photocatalysts owing to their outstanding optical properties. Even though the intrinsic physical properties of perovskite QDs have been significantly improved, the chemical stability of these materials remains questionable. Their low long-term chemical stability limits their commercial applicability in photocatalysis. In this study, we investigated the photodegradation mechanisms of perovskite QDs and their hybrids via photoluminescence (PL) by varying the excitation power and the ultraviolet (UV) exposure power. Defects in perovskite QDs and the interface between the perovskite QD and the co-catalyst influence the photo-stability of perovskite QDs. Consequently, we designed a stable perovskite QD film via an in-situ cross-linking reaction with amine-based silane materials. The surface ligand comprising 2,6-bis(N-pyrazolyl)pyridine nickel(II) bromide (Ni(ppy)) and 5-hexynoic acid improved the interface between the Ni co-catalyst and the perovskite QD. Then, ultrathin SiO2 was fabricated using 3-aminopropyltriethoxy silane (APTES) to harness the strong surface binding energy of the amine functional group of APTES with the perovskite QDs. The Ni co-catalyst content was further increased through Ni doping during purification using a short surface ligand (3-butynoic acid). As a result, stable perovskite QDs with rapid charge separation were successfully fabricated. Time-correlated single photon counting (TCSPC) PL study demonstrated that the modified perovskite QD film exhibited slow photodegradation owing to defect passivation and the enhanced interface between the Ni co-catalyst and the perovskite QD. This interface impeded the generation of hot carriers, which are a critical factor in photodegradation. Finally, a stable red perovskite QD was synthesized by applying the same strategy and the mixture between red and green QD/Ni(ppy)/SiO2 displayed an CO2 reduction capacity for CO (0.56 mu mol/(g center dot h)).
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/9489
DOI
10.3390/catal11010061
ISSN
2073-4344
Appears in Collections:
Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics(나노구조물리 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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