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나노 구조 물리 연구단
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Sheet resistance characterization of locally anisotropic transparent conductive films made of aligned metal-enriched single-walled carbon nanotubes

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Title
Sheet resistance characterization of locally anisotropic transparent conductive films made of aligned metal-enriched single-walled carbon nanotubes
Author(s)
Hosung Kang; Duckjong Kim; Seunghyun Baik
Publication Date
2014-09
Journal
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, v.16, no.35, pp.18759 - 18764
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Abstract
One-dimensional conductive fillers such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) can be aggregated and aligned during transparent conductive film (TCF) formation by the vacuum filtration method. The potential error of analysing the average sheet resistance of these anisotropic films, using the four-point probe in-line method and the conversion formula developed assuming uniform isotropic material properties, was systematically investigated by finite element analysis and experiments. The finite element analysis of anisotropic stripe-patterned TCFs with alternating low (r1) and high (r2) resistivities revealed that the estimated average sheet resistance approached r1/t when the probes were parallel to the aligned nanotubes. The thickness of the film is t. It was more close to r2/t when the probes were perpendicular to the aligned tubes. Indeed, TCFs fabricated by the vacuum filtration method using metal-enriched SWNTs exhibited highly anisotropic local regions where tubes were aggregated and aligned. The local sheet resistances of randomly oriented, aligned, and perpendicular tube regions of the TCF at a transmittance of 89.9% were 5000, 2.4, and 12 300 O &1, respectively. Resistivities of the aggregated and aligned tube region (r1 = 1.2 105 O cm) and the region between tubes (r2 = 6.2 102 O cm) could be approximated with the aid of finite element analysis. This work demonstrates the potential error of characterizing the average sheet resistance of anisotropic TCFs using the fourpoint probe in-line method since surprisingly high or low values could be obtained depending on the measurement angle. On the other hand, a better control of aggregation and alignment of nanotubes would realize TCFs with a very small anisotropic resistivity and a high transparency.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/912
ISSN
1463-9076
Appears in Collections:
Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics(나노구조물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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