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나노입자 연구단
나노입자 연구단
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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Diagnosis of Metastatic Lymph Nodes in a Rabbit Model: Efficacy of PJY10, a New Ultrasmall Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Agent, with Monodisperse Iron Oxide Core and Multiple-Interaction Ligands

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Title
Magnetic Resonance Imaging Diagnosis of Metastatic Lymph Nodes in a Rabbit Model: Efficacy of PJY10, a New Ultrasmall Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Agent, with Monodisperse Iron Oxide Core and Multiple-Interaction Ligands
Author(s)
Yoo, RE; Seung Hong Choi; Cho, HR; Jeon, BS; Kwon, E; Kim, EG; Park, J; Myeong, WJ; Won, JK; Lee, YS; Kim, JH; Park, SW; Sohn, CH
Publication Date
2014-09
Journal
PLOS ONE, v.9, no.9, pp.e107583 -
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Abstract
Background: Accurate diagnosis of lymph node metastasis is crucial in treatment planning for cancer patients. Despite the use of various parameters, making correct diagnosis of a small metastatic or a hyperplastic benign node is still a challenge. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of detecting lymph node metastasis using a new ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide particle, PJY10, in a rabbit model. Methods: To make metastatic and benign lymph nodes, either VX2 carcinoma or fecal material suspension was inoculated into thighs of 56 rabbits three weeks or three days before magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, respectively. T2*-weighted 3T MR imaging was performed before and 24 hours after PJY10 injection (5.2 [n = 15], 7.8 [n = 17], and 10.4 [n = 24] mg Fe/kg). MR images were correlated with pathologic results to calculate sensitivity and specificity. Quantitative analysis of the signal intensity (SI) . number of voxels[low] (the fraction of the number of voxels with the normalized SI on the postcontrast image lower than that on the precontrast image) and mean SI ratio . was also performed for each lymph node. Results: Sensitivities were 100% at all three dosages, whereas specificity increased with increasing dosage (89% at 10.4 mg Fe/kg). The benign nodes had a significantly higher number of voxels[low] and a lower mean SI ratio than the metastatic nodes at the dosage of 10.4 mg Fe/kg (P,.001). Az values were 0.905 for the number of voxels[low] and 0.952 for the mean SI ratio. The number of voxels[low] (P = .019) and the mean SI ratio (P = .034) had significant correlations with the histopathologic area ratio of metastatic foci in the metastatic nodes at 10.4 mg Fe/kg. Conclusions: PJY10 enabled clear demonstration of lymph node metastasis with high sensitivity and specificity at its optimal dosage of 10.4 mg Fe/kg.
URI
http://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/907
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0107583
ISSN
1932-6203
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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