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Integrated porous cobalt oxide/cobalt anode with micro- and nano-pores for lithium ion battery

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Title
Integrated porous cobalt oxide/cobalt anode with micro- and nano-pores for lithium ion battery
Author(s)
Park H.; Kim K.; Jeong K.; Jin Soo Kang; Cho H.-H.; Thirumalraj B.; Yung-Eun Sung; Han H.N.; Kim J.-H.; Dunand D.C.; Choe H.
Publication Date
2020-09
Journal
APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, v.525, pp.146592
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Abstract
An integrated porous cobalt-oxide/cobalt (Co3O4/CoO/Co) anode was prepared by facile processes, including directional freeze casting of a Co foam and its partial thermal oxidation to Co3O4/CoO, for use as a high-capacity anode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). The thermal oxidation created a nanostructured oxide layer, 0.4 μm in thickness, on the surface of aligned, interconnected Co lamellae comprising the foam. In this electrode design, the Co foam was used as the current collector, and the nanowall-like Co oxide (CoO and Co3O4) layers acted as the anode that reacted with lithium ions during discharging and charging. The integrated porous Co3O4/CoO/Co anode exhibits highly reversible capacity of 989 mAh g−1 after 50 cycles with an coulombic efficiency of 99.4%, which is superior to that of the conventional Co foil anode (245 mAh g−1). The integrated porous Co3O4/CoO/Co architecture demonstrated in this study has promising potential applications for self-supporting advanced anodes with tailored macro- and microstructures for high capacity LIBs
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/8936
DOI
10.1016/j.apsusc.2020.146592
ISSN
0169-4332
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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