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나노입자 연구단
나노입자 연구단
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Reversible Lithium Storage at Highly Populated Vacant Sites in an Amorphous Vanadium Pentoxide Electrode

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Title
Reversible Lithium Storage at Highly Populated Vacant Sites in an Amorphous Vanadium Pentoxide Electrode
Author(s)
Chae, OB; Kim, J; In Chul Park; Jeong, H; Ku, JH; Ryu, JH; Kisuk Kang; Oh, SM
Publication Date
2014-10
Journal
CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, v.26, no.20, pp.5874 - 5881
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Abstract
A vanadium pentoxide electrode is prepared in the amorphous form (a-V2O5), and its electrode performances are compared to those for its crystalline counterpart (c-V2O5). The a- V2O5 electrode outperforms c-V2O5 in several ways. First, it is free from irreversible phase transitions and Li trapping, which evolve in c- V2O5, probably due to the lack of interactions between the inserted Li+ ions/electrons and V2O5 matrix. Second, the absence of Li trapping allows a reversible capacity amounting to >600 mA h g−1, which is larger than that given by c-V2O5. Third, it shows an excellent rate property. The notably high reversible capacity and rate capability seem to be due to Li storage at vacant sites that are ill-defined but numerous in a-V2O5, which Li+ ions can easily access. However, irreversible capacity of a-V2O5 is appreciable in the first cycle due to a parasitic Li reaction with surface hydroxyl groups. Treatment with nbutyllithium can suppress the irreversible capacity by removing the surface hydroxyl groups.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/882
ISSN
0897-4756
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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