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Surface Oxide Removal for Polycrystalline SnSe Reveals Near-Single-Crystal Thermoelectric Performance

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Title
Surface Oxide Removal for Polycrystalline SnSe Reveals Near-Single-Crystal Thermoelectric Performance
Author(s)
Yong Kyu Lee; Zhongzhen Luo; Sung Pyo Cho; Mercouri G. Kanatzidis; In Chung
Publication Date
2019-03
Journal
JOULE, v.3, no.3, pp.719 - 731
Publisher
CELL PRESS
Abstract
Tin selenide (SnSe) has emerged as a surprising new material with exceptional thermal transport and charge transport properties such as ultralow thermal conductivity, which give it a record-high thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT) of 2.5–2.7 at around 800 K. These properties, however, have been only observable in well-prepared and properly handled single-crystal samples. Polycrystalline SnSe samples have markedly inferior properties paradoxically with higher apparent thermal conductivity and much lower ZT values than single crystals. The high thermal conductivity in polycrystalline samples has been attributed to surface tin oxides. Based on this hypothesis, we have employed an oxideremoving strategy that involves a chemical reduction process at 613 K under a 4% H2/Ar atmosphere. This leads to an exceptionally low lattice thermal conductivity of 0.11Wm1K1 in polycrystalline hole-doped SnSe alloyedwith 5% lead selenide, even lower than that of single crystals, and boosts the ZT to 2.5 at 773 K.ª 2019 Elsevier Inc.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/6936
ISSN
2542-4351
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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