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나노입자 연구단
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Prediction of IDH genotype in gliomas with dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion MR imaging using an explainable recurrent neural network

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Title
Prediction of IDH genotype in gliomas with dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion MR imaging using an explainable recurrent neural network
Author(s)
Choi, KS; Seung Hong Choi; Jeong, B
Publication Date
2019-09
Journal
NEURO-ONCOLOGY, v.21, no.9, pp.1197 - 1209
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC
Abstract
© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Neuro-Oncology. All rights reserved.Background: The aim of this study was to predict isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) genotypes of gliomas using an interpretable deep learning application for dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) perfusion MRI. Methods: Four hundred sixty-three patients with gliomas who underwent preoperative MRI were enrolled in the study. All the patients had immunohistopathologic diagnoses of either IDH-wildtype or IDH-mutant gliomas. Tumor subregions were segmented using a convolutional neural network followed by manual correction. DSC perfusion MRI was performed to obtain T2∗ susceptibility signal intensity-time curves from each subregion of the tumors: enhancing tumor, non-enhancing tumor, peritumoral edema, and whole tumor. These, with arterial input functions, were fed into a neural network as multidimensional inputs. A convolutional long short-term memory model with an attention mechanism was developed to predict IDH genotypes. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was performed to evaluate the model. Results: The IDH genotype predictions had an accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 92.8%, 92.6%, and 93.1%, respectively, in the validation set (area under the curve [AUC], 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.969-0.991) and 91.7%, 92.1%, and 91.5%, respectively, in the test set (AUC, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.898-0.982). In temporal feature analysis, T2∗ susceptibility signal intensity-time curves obtained from DSC perfusion MRI with attention weights demonstrated high attention on the combination of the end of the pre-contrast baseline, up/downslopes of signal drops, and/or post-bolus plateaus for the curves used to predict IDH genotype. Conclusions: We developed an explainable recurrent neural network model based on DSC perfusion MRI to predict IDH genotypes in gliomas
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/6883
ISSN
1522-8517
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Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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