Selective growth of monolayer semiconductors for diverse synaptic junctions

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Title
Selective growth of monolayer semiconductors for diverse synaptic junctions
Author(s)
Linfeng Sun; Hua Yu; Dong Wang; Jinbao Jiang; Dohyun Kim; Hyun Kim; Shoujun Zheng; Mai Zhao; Qi Ge; Heejun Yang
Publication Date
2019-01
Journal
2D MATERIALS, v.6, no.1, pp.15029 -
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Abstract
The information computation through synapse networks in the brain plays a vital role for cognitive behaviors such as image/video recognition, self-learning, and decision-making. Achieving proper synaptic networks by conventional semiconductor and memristive devices has encountered critical issues such as the spatial density requiring a number of transistors for one synapse, reliable filament formation in memristors, or emulating diverse excitatory and inhibitory synaptic plasticity with two-terminal device geometry. Here, we report selective growth of variously doped MoS2 with controllable conductance plasticity, which can be used for emulating diverse synaptic junctions. The conductance plasticity in the monolayer MoS2 was found to originate from resistive-heating near the junctions with electrodes in the two-terminal device geometry and the carrier concentration-dependent metal-insulator transition in the MoS2 channel. A spatiotemporal synaptic summation is demonstrated where the firing of a proper postsynaptic membrane potential can be designed for cognitive processes. Compared with previously reported three terminal synaptic devices with atomically thin materials, our two-terminal devices with flexible synaptic strengths have advantages for integrating three-dimensional neuronal networks. This provides a new insight on two-dimensional materials as a promising arena for integrated synaptic functionalities in artificial neural networks. © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5726
ISSN
2053-1583
Appears in Collections:
Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics(나노구조물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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