Substrate curvature affects the shape, orientation, and polarization of renal epithelial cells

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Title
Substrate curvature affects the shape, orientation, and polarization of renal epithelial cells
Author(s)
Sun-Min Yu; Jung Min Oh; Junwon Lee; Whaseon Lee-Kwon; Woonggyu Jung; François Amblard; Steve Granick; Yoon-Kyoung Cho
Publication Date
2018-09
Journal
ACTA BIOMATERIALIA, v.77, no., pp.311 - 321
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Abstract
The unique structure of kidney tubules is representative of their specialized function. Because maintaining tubular structure and controlled diameter is critical for kidney function, it is critical to understand how topographical cues, such as curvature, might alter cell morphology and biological characteristics. Here, we examined the effect of substrate curvature on the shape and phenotype of two kinds of renal epithelial cells (MDCK and FIK-2) cultured on a microchannel with a broad range of principal curvature. We found that cellular architecture on curved substrates was closely related to the cell type-specific characteristics (stiffness, cell-cell adherence) of the cells and their density, as well as the sign and degree of curvature. As the curvature increased on convex channels, HK-2 cells, having lower cell stiffness and monolayer integrity than those of MDCK cells, aligned their in-plane axis perpendicular to the channel but did not significantly change in morphology. By contrast, MDCK cells showed minimal change in both morphology and alignment. However, on concave channels, both cell types were elongated and showed longitudinal directionality, although the changes in MDCK cells were more conservative. Moreover, substrate curvature contributed to cell polarization by enhancing the expression of apical and basolateral cell markers with height increase of the cells. Our study suggests curvature to be an important guiding principle for advanced tissue model developments, and that curved and geometrically ambiguous substrates can modulate the cellular morphology and phenotype. Statement of Significance In many tissues, such as renal tubules or intestinal villi, epithelial layers exist in naturally curved forms, a geometry that is not reproduced by flat cultures. Because maintaining tubular structure is critical for kidney function, it is important to understand how topographical cues, such as curvature, might alter cell morphology and biological characteristics. We found that cellular architecture on curved substrates was closely related to cell type and density, as well as the sign and degree of the curvature. Moreover, substrate curvature contributed to cell polarization by enhancing the expression of apical and basolateral cell markers with height increase. Our results suggested that substrate curvature might contribute to cellular architecture and enhance the polarization of kidney tubule cells. (C) 2018 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5190
ISSN
1742-7061
Appears in Collections:
Center for Soft and Living Matter(첨단연성물질 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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