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Synthesis of high quality graphene on capped (111) Cu thin films obtained by high temperature secondary grain growth on c-plane sapphire substrates

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Title
Synthesis of high quality graphene on capped (111) Cu thin films obtained by high temperature secondary grain growth on c-plane sapphire substrates
Author(s)
YoungwooKim; Eric Moyen; HemianYi; JoséAvila; ChaoyuChen; MariaCAsensio; Young Hee Lee; Didier Pribat
Publication Date
2018-07
Journal
2D MATERIALS, v.5, no.3, pp.035008 -
Publisher
IOP PUBLISHING LTD
Abstract
We propose a novel growth technique, in which graphene is synthesized on capped Cu thin films deposited on c-plane sapphire. The cap is another sapphire plate which is just laid upon the Cu thin film, in direct contact with it. Thanks to this 'contact cap', Cu evaporation can be suppressed at high temperature and the 400 nm-thick Cu films can be annealed above 1000 degrees C, resulting in (1 1 1)-oriented grains of millimeter size. Following this high temperature annealing, graphene is grown by chemical vapor deposition during the same pump-down operation, without removing the contact cap. The orientation and doping type of the as-grown graphene were first studied, using low energy electron diffraction, as well as high resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. In particular, the orientation relationships between the graphene and copper thin film with respect to the sapphire substrate were precisely determined. We find that the graphene sheets exhibit a minimal rotational disorder, with similar to 90% of the grains aligned along the < 1 - 10 > copper high symmetry direction. Detailed transport measurements were also performed using field-effect transistor structures. Carrier mobility values as high as 8460 cm(2) V-1 s(-1) have been measured on top gate transistors fabricated directly on the sapphire substrate, by etching the Cu film from underneath the graphene sheets. This is by far the best carrier mobility value obtained to date for graphene sheets synthesized on a thin film-type metal substrate © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4479
ISSN
2053-1583
Appears in Collections:
Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics(나노구조물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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