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나노 구조 물리 연구단
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Synthesis of uniform single layer WS2 for tunable photoluminescence

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Title
Synthesis of uniform single layer WS2 for tunable photoluminescence
Author(s)
Juhong Park; Min Su Kim; Eunho Cha; Jeongyong Kim; Wonbong Choi
Publication Date
2017-11
Journal
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.7, no., pp.16121 -
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Abstract
Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDs) have gained great interest due to their unique tunable bandgap as a function of the number of layers. Especially, single-layer tungsten disulfides (WS2) is a direct band gap semiconductor with a gap of 2.1 eV featuring strong photoluminescence and large exciton binding energy. Although synthesis of MoS2 and their layer dependent properties have been studied rigorously, little attention has been paid to the formation of single-layer WS2 and its layer dependent properties. Here we report the scalable synthesis of uniform single-layer WS2 film by a two-step chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method followed by a laser thinning process. The PL intensity increases six-fold, while the PL peak shifts from 1.92 eV to 1.97 eV during the laser thinning from few-layers to single-layer. We find from the analysis of exciton complexes that both a neutral exciton and a trion increases with decreasing WS2 film thickness; however, the neutral exciton is predominant in single-layer WS2. The binding energies of trion and biexciton for single-layer WS2 are experimentally characterized at 35 meV and 60 meV, respectively. The tunable optical properties by precise control of WS2 layers could empower a great deal of flexibility in designing atomically thin optoelectronic devices. © The Author(s) 2017
URI
http://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4048
DOI
10.1038/s41598-017-16251-2
ISSN
2045-2322
Appears in Collections:
Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics(나노구조물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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