Understanding the Bifunctional Effect for Removal of CO Poisoning: Blend of a Platinum Nanocatalyst and Hydrous Ruthenium Oxide as a Model System

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Title
Understanding the Bifunctional Effect for Removal of CO Poisoning: Blend of a Platinum Nanocatalyst and Hydrous Ruthenium Oxide as a Model System
Author(s)
Myeong Jae Lee; Jin Soo Kang; Yun Sik Kang; Dong Young Chung; Heejong Shin; Chi-Yeong Ahn; Subin Park; Mi-Ju Kim; Sungjun Kim; Lee K.-S.; Yung-Eun Sung
Publication Date
2016-04
Journal
ACS CATALYSIS, v.6, no.4, pp.2398 - 2407
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Abstract
CO poisoning of Pt catalysts is one of the most critical problems that deteriorate the electrocatalytic oxidation and reduction reactions taking place in fuel cells. In general, enhancing CO oxidation properties of catalysts by tailoring the electronic structure of Pt (electronic effect) or increasing the amount of supplied oxygen species (bifunctional effect), which is the typical reactant for CO oxidation, has been performed to remove CO from the Pt surface. However, though there have been a few reports about the understanding of the electronic effect for rapid CO oxidation, a separate understanding of bifunctional modification is yet to be achieved. Herein, we report experimental investigations of CO oxidation in the absence of electronic effect and an extended concept of the bifunctional effect. A model system was prepared by blending conventional Pt/C catalysts with hydrous ruthenium oxide particles, and the CO oxidation behaviors were investigated by various electrochemical measurements, including CO stripping and bulk oxidation. In addition, this system allowed the observation of CO removal by the Eley-Rideal mechanism at high CO coverages, which facilitates further CO oxidation by triggering the CO removal by the Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism. Furthermore, effective CO management by this approach in practical applications was also verified by single-cell analysis. © 2016 American Chemical Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/2678
ISSN
2155-5435
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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