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Engineering electrode interfaces for telecom-band photodetection in MoS2/Au heterostructures via sub-band light absorption

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Title
Engineering electrode interfaces for telecom-band photodetection in MoS2/Au heterostructures via sub-band light absorption
Author(s)
Chengyun Hong; Saejin Oh; Vu Khac Dat; Pak, Sangyeon; Cha, SeungNam; Kyung-Hun Ko; Gyung-Min Choi; Low, Tony; Oh, Sang-Hyun; Ji-Hee Kim
Publication Date
2023-11
Journal
Light: Science & Applications, v.12, no.1
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Abstract
Transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) layered semiconductors possess immense potential in the design of photonic, electronic, optoelectronic, and sensor devices. However, the sub-bandgap light absorption of TMD in the range from near-infrared (NIR) to short-wavelength infrared (SWIR) is insufficient for applications beyond the bandgap limit. Herein, we report that the sub-bandgap photoresponse of MoS2/Au heterostructures can be robustly modulated by the electrode fabrication method employed. We observed up to 60% sub-bandgap absorption in the MoS2/Au heterostructure, which includes the hybridized interface, where the Au layer was applied via sputter deposition. The greatly enhanced absorption of sub-bandgap light is due to the planar cavity formed by MoS2 and Au; as such, the absorption spectrum can be tuned by altering the thickness of the MoS2 layer. Photocurrent in the SWIR wavelength range increases due to increased absorption, which means that broad wavelength detection from visible toward SWIR is possible. We also achieved rapid photoresponse (~150 µs) and high responsivity (17 mA W−1) at an excitation wavelength of 1550 nm. Our findings demonstrate a facile method for optical property modulation using metal electrode engineering and for realizing SWIR photodetection in wide-bandgap 2D materials. © 2023, The Author(s).
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/14484
DOI
10.1038/s41377-023-01308-x
ISSN
2095-5545
Appears in Collections:
Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics(나노구조물리 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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