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Free-Standing, Single-Monomer-Thick Two-Dimensional Polymers through Covalent Self-Assembly in Solution

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Title
Free-Standing, Single-Monomer-Thick Two-Dimensional Polymers through Covalent Self-Assembly in Solution
Author(s)
Kangkyun Baek; Gyeongwon Yun; Kim, Youngkook; Kim, Dongwoo; Hota, Raghunandan; Ilha Hwang; Dan Xu; Young Ho Ko; Gu, Gil Ho; Suh, Ju Hyung; Park, Chan Gyung; Sung, Bong June; Ki Moon Kim
Publication Date
2013-05
Journal
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.135, no.17, pp.6523 - 6528
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Abstract
The design and synthesis of two-dimensional (2D) polymers is a challenging task, hitherto achieved in solution only through the aid of a solid surface “template” or preorganization of the building blocks in a 2D con!ned space. We present a novel approach for synthesizing free-standing, covalently bonded, single-monomer-thick 2D polymers in solution without any preorganization of building blocks on solid surfaces or interfaces by employing shape-directed covalent self-assembly of rigid, disk-shaped building blocks having laterally predisposed reactive groups on their periphery. We demonstrate our strategy through a thiol−ene “click” reaction between (allyloxy)12CB[6], a cucurbit[6]uril (CB[6]) derivative with 12 laterally predisposed reactive alkene groups, and 1,2- ethanedithiol to synthesize a robust and readily transferable 2D polymer. We can take advantage of the high binding a"nity of fully protonated spermine (positive charges on both ends) to CB[6] to keep each individual polymer sheet separated from one another by electrostatic repulsion during synthesis, obtaining, for the !rst-time ever, a single-monomer-thick 2D polymer in solution. The arrangement of CB[6] repeating units in the resulting 2D polymer has been characterized using gold nanoparticle labeling and scanning transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, we have con!rmed the generality of our synthetic approach by applying it to di#erent monomers to generate 2D polymers. Novel 2D polymers, such as our CB[6] derived polymer, may be useful in selective transport, controlled drug delivery, and chemical sensing and may even serve as well-de!ned 2D sca#olds for ordered functionalization and platforms for bottom-up 3D construction.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/1332
ISSN
0002-7863
Appears in Collections:
Center for Self-assembly and Complexity(복잡계 자기조립 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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