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Effect of particle shape on the electrochemical properties of CaSnO3 as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries

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Title
Effect of particle shape on the electrochemical properties of CaSnO3 as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries
Author(s)
Hyun Sik Kim; Sang-Sun Park; Soon Hyung Kang; Yung Eun Sung
Publication Date
2014-07
Journal
JOURNAL OF APPLIED ELECTROCHEMISTRY, v.44, no., pp.789 - 796
Publisher
SPRINGER
Abstract
Cubic and star-shaped CaSnO3 particles with a perovskite structure were synthesized successfully using a simple hydrothermal method at a low temperature of 140 C. The structure and morphology of the CaSnO3 powders were characterized using X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of the CaSnO3 as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries were tested by constant current discharge/charge and cyclic voltammetry. The large irreversible capacity in the initial cycle was similar to that of tin oxide, due to the decomposition of tin oxide into metallic tin and Li2O, followed by a reversible Li–Sn formation. The reversible capacity of the cubic CaSnO3 was 382 mAh g-1 in the first cycle and was maintained at 365 mAh g-1 in the following cycles. The cubic CaSnO3 particles had a higher reversible capacity than the star-shaped CaSnO3 particles and retained a capacity of about 365 mAh g-1 after 60 cycles as well as good cycle stability, showing potential as attractive anode materials for lithium-ion batteries. It is found that the particle shape had a marked effect on electrochemical performance.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/970
ISSN
0021-891X
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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