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Pressure-induced large increase of Curie temperature of the van der Waals ferromagnet VI3

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Title
Pressure-induced large increase of Curie temperature of the van der Waals ferromagnet VI3
Author(s)
Valenta, J.; Kratochvilova, M.; Misek, M.; Carva, K.; Kastil, J.; Dolezal, P.; Opletal, P.; Cermak, P.; Proschek, P.; Uhlirova, K.; Prchal, J.; Coak, M. J.; S. Son; J-G. Park; Sechovsky, V
Publication Date
2021-02
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, v.103, no.5
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
Evolution of magnetism in single crystals of the van der Waals compound VI3 in external pressure up to 7.3 GPa studied by measuring magnetization and ac magnetic susceptibility is reported. Four magnetic phase transitions, at T-1 = 54.5 K, T-2 = 53 K, T-C = 49.5 K, and T-FM = 26 K, respectively, have been observed at ambient pressure. The first two have been attributed to the onset of ferromagnetism in specific crystal-surface layers. The bulk ferromagnetism is characterized by the magnetic ordering transition at Curie temperature T-C and the transition between two different ferromagnetic phases T-FM, accompanied by a structure transition from monoclinic to triclinic symmetry upon cooling. The pressure effects on magnetic parameters were studied with three independent techniques. T-C was found to be almost unaffected by pressures up to 0.6 GPa whereas TFM increases rapidly with increasing pressure and reaches T-C at a triple point at approximate to 0.85 GPa. At higher pressures, only one magnetic phase transition is observed moving to higher temperatures with increasing pressure to reach 99 K at 7.3 GPa. In contrast, the low-temperature bulk magnetization is significantly reduced by applying pressure (by more than 50% at 2.5 GPa) suggesting a possible pressure-induced reduction of vanadium magnetic moment. First-principles calculations of VI3 under pressure allow us to ascribe the evolution of T-C with pressure to the reduction of interplanar distance, including the observed slope change at 0.6 GPa. These calculations also describe the associated band gap closing, showing that with a modest compression the material would become metallic. Overall, the large pressure range covered corresponds to a significant change of interplanar interactions. The obtained data thus allow us to shed light on how does the transition between the three-dimensional (3D) and quasi-2D system affect magnetic interactions in the system.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/9576
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevB.103.054424
ISSN
2469-9950
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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