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Wallpaper Dirac Fermion in a Nonsymmorphic Topological Kondo Insulator: PuB4

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Title
Wallpaper Dirac Fermion in a Nonsymmorphic Topological Kondo Insulator: PuB4
Author(s)
Dong-Choon Ryu; Junwon Kim; Hongchul Choi; Byung Il Min
Publication Date
2020-11
Journal
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.142, no.45, pp.19278 - 19282
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Abstract
© 2020 American Chemical Society. It has been recently predicted that nonsymmorphic crystalline insulators can host two exotic topological surface states (TSSs). One is the "hourglass fermion", and the other is the "wallpaper Dirac fermion". For the former, a few real materials were predicted and already confirmed experimentally. For the latter, however, no bulk-insulating and experimentally accessible candidate has been identified yet. Here we show that the localized 5f-electrons in PuB4, the single crystal of which was recently synthesized and was found to exhibit Kondo-insulating nature, form a closed manifold over the Brillouin zone via the Kondo coherence effect at low temperature, and host hitherto unobserved wallpaper Dirac fermions at the nonsymmorphic symmetry-preserving (001) surface. The topological nature of TSSs in PuB4 can be described by topological invariants of two Z4 indices [(χx, χy) = (1, 1)] of double-glide symmetries of p4g wallpaper group; thus, PuB4 is a 3D nonsymmorphic topological insulator that exhibits the TSSs of peculiar 4-fold surface Dirac fermions as well as 2-fold double-glide spin-Hall and nodal-line-type fermions. On top of its interesting 5f-electron Kondo-insulating nature, the unique 4-fold wallpaper Dirac fermions in PuB4, which are quite distinct from previously reported nonsymmorphic Dirac insulator or hourglass TCI fermions, broaden our recognition of the embedded fermions in strongly correlated Kondo systems with nonsymmorphic symmetries
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/8446
DOI
10.1021/jacs.0c09442
ISSN
0002-7863
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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