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Arithmetic of the moduli of semistable elliptic surfaces

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Title
Arithmetic of the moduli of semistable elliptic surfaces
Author(s)
Han C.; Jun-Yong Park
Publication Date
2019-04
Journal
MATHEMATISCHE ANNALEN, v.28, no.2, pp.183 - 215
Publisher
SPRINGER
Abstract
© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. We prove a new sharp asymptotic with the lower order term of zeroth order on ZFq(t)(B) for counting the semistable elliptic curves over F q (t) by the bounded height of discriminant Δ (X). The precise count is acquired by considering the moduli of nonsingular semistable elliptic fibrations over P 1 , also known as semistable elliptic surfaces, with 12n nodal singular fibers and a distinguished section. We establish a bijection of K-points between the moduli functor of semistable elliptic surfaces and the stack of morphisms L 1 , 12 n ≅ Hom n (P 1 , M¯ 1 , 1 ) where M¯ 1 , 1 is the Deligne–Mumford stack of stable elliptic curves and K is any field of characteristic ≠ 2 , 3. For char (K) = 0 , we show that the class of Hom n (P 1 , P(a, b)) in the Grothendieck ring of K–stacks, where P(a, b) is a 1-dimensional (a, b) weighted projective stack, is equal to L ( a + b ) n + 1 - L ( a + b ) n - 1 . Consequently, we find that the motive of the moduli L 1 , 12 n is L 10 n + 1 - L 10 n - 1 and the cardinality of the set of weighted F q -points to be # q (L 1 , 12 n ) = q 10 n + 1 - q 10 n - 1 . In the end, we formulate an analogous heuristic on Z Q (B) for counting the semistable elliptic curves over Q by the bounded height of discriminant Δ through the global fields analogy
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/6930
ISSN
0025-5831
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Center for Geometry and Physics(기하학 수리물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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