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Mikhail Fistul
복잡계 이론물리 연구단
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Electromagnetic-wave propagation through an array of superconducting qubits: Manifestations of nonequilibrium steady states of qubits

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Title
Electromagnetic-wave propagation through an array of superconducting qubits: Manifestations of nonequilibrium steady states of qubits
Author(s)
M. V. Fistul; M. A. Iontsev
Publication Date
2019-08
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW A, v.100, no.2, pp.023844 -
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
We report a theoretical study of the propagation of electromagnetic waves (EWs) through an array of superconducting qubits, i.e., coherent two-level systems, embedded in a low-dissipation transmission line. We focus on the near-resonant case as the frequency of EWs ω ≃ ωq, where ωq is the qubit frequency. In this limit we derive the effective dynamic nonlinear wave equation allowing one to obtain the frequency-dependent transmission coefficient of EWs, D(ω). In the linear regime and a relatively wide frequency region we obtain a strong resonant suppression of D(ω) in both cases of a single qubit and chains composed of a large number of densely arranged qubits. However, in narrow frequency regions a chain of qubits allows the resonant transmission of EWs with greatly enhanced D(ω). In the nonlinear regime realized for a moderate power of applied microwave radiation, we predict and analyze various transitions between states characterized by high and low values of D(ω). These transitions are manifestations of nonequilibrium steady states of an array of qubits achieved in this regime. ©2019 American Physical Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/6221
ISSN
2469-9926
Appears in Collections:
Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems(복잡계 이론물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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