Magnetic dichroism in the Kondo insulator SmB6

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Title
Magnetic dichroism in the Kondo insulator SmB6
Author(s)
W. T. Fuhrman; J. C. Leiner; J. W. Freeland; M. van Veenendaal; S. M. Koohpayeh; W. Adam Phelan; T. M. McQueen; C. Broholm
Publication Date
2019-01
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, v.99, no.2, pp.020401 -
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
Samarium hexaboride (SmB6) is a purported topological Kondo insulator, with theory predicting that the experimentally observed metallic surface states manifest from a topologically nontrivial insulating bulk band structure. The insulating bulk itself is driven by strong correlations, and both bulk and surface are known to host compelling magnetic and electronic phenomena. We employed x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism at the Sm M4,5 edges to probe the surface and bulk magnetic properties of Sm2+ and Sm3+ within SmB6. We observed an unexpected antialignment to the applied field of the Sm3+ magnetic dipole moment below T=75 K and of the total orbital moment of samarium below 30 K. The total bulk magnetization at 2 K is, however, positive and driven by Sm2+ Van Vleck susceptibility as well as 1% paramagnetic impurities with μeff=5.2(1)μB. This indicates the diamagneticlike Sm3+ magnetism is only a portion of the net magnetization, partially offsetting the response of paramagnetic impurities known within the bulk. © 2019 American Physical Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5340
ISSN
2469-9950
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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