Influence of perfluorinated ionomer in PEDOT:PSS on the rectification and degradation of organic photovoltaic cells

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Title
Influence of perfluorinated ionomer in PEDOT:PSS on the rectification and degradation of organic photovoltaic cells
Author(s)
Calvyn T. Howells; Sueda Saylan; Haeri Kim; Khalid Marbou; Tetsua Aoyama; Aiko Nakao; Masanobu Uchiyama; Ifor D. W. Samuel; Dong-Wook Kim; Marcus S. Dahlem; Pascal Andre
Publication Date
2018-09
Journal
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY A, v.6, no.33, pp.16012 - 16028
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Abstract
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is widely used to build optoelectronic devices. However, as a hygroscopic water-based acidic material, it brings major concerns for stability and degradation, resulting in an intense effort to replace it in organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices. In this work, we focus on the perfluorinated ionomer (PFI) polymeric additive to PEDOT:PSS. We demonstrate that it can reduce the relative amplitude of OPV device burn-in, and find two distinct regimes of influence. At low concentrations there is a subtle effect on wetting and work function, for instance, with a detrimental impact on the device characteristics, and above a threshold it changes the electronic and device properties. The abrupt threshold in the conducting polymer occurs for PFI concentrations greater than or equal to the PSS concentration and was revealed by monitoring variations in transmission, topography, work-function, wettability and OPV device characteristics. Below this PFI concentration threshold, the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of OPVs based on poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl):[6,6]-phenyl-C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT:PCBM) are impaired largely by low fill-factors due to poor charge extraction. Above the PFI concentration threshold, we recover the PCE before it is improved beyond the pristine PEDOT:PSS layer based OPV devices. Supplementary to the performance enhancement, PFI improves OPV device stability and lifetime. Our degradation study leads to the conclusion that PFI prevents water from diffusing to and from the hygroscopic PEDOT:PSS layer, which slows down the deterioration of the PEDOT:PSS layer and the aluminum electrode. These findings reveal mechanisms and opportunities that should be taken into consideration when developing components to inhibit OPV degradation. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2018
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5195
ISSN
2050-7488
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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[사사없음. 김해리] 2018-260_Influence of perfluorinated ionomer in PEDOTPSS on the rectification and degradation of organic photovoltaic cells.pdfDownload

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