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강상관계 물질 연구단
강상관계 물질 연구단
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Band Topology and Linking Structure of Nodal Line Semimetals with Z2 Monopole Charges

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Title
Band Topology and Linking Structure of Nodal Line Semimetals with Z2 Monopole Charges
Author(s)
Junyeong Ahn; Dongwook Kim; Youngkuk Kim; Bohm-Jung Yang
Publication Date
2018-09
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, v.121, no.10, pp.106403 -
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
We study the band topology and the associated linking structure of topological semimetals with nodal lines carrying Z2 monopole charges, which can be realized in three-dimensional systems invariant under the combination of inversion P and time reversal T when spin-orbit coupling is negligible. In contrast to the well-known PT-symmetric nodal lines protected only by the π Berry phase, in which a single nodal line can exist, the nodal lines with Z2 monopole charges should always exist in pairs. We show that a pair of nodal lines with Z2 monopole charges is created by a double band inversion process and that the resulting nodal lines are always linked by another nodal line formed between the two topmost occupied bands. It is shown that both the linking structure and the Z2 monopole charge are the manifestation of the nontrivial band topology characterized by the second Stiefel-Whitney class, which can be read off from the Wilson loop spectrum. We show that the second Stiefel-Whitney class can serve as a well-defined topological invariant of a PT-invariant two-dimensional insulator in the absence of Berry phase. Based on this, we propose that pair creation and annihilation of nodal lines with Z2 monopole charges can mediate a topological phase transition between a normal insulator and a three-dimensional weak Stiefel-Whitney insulator. Moreover, using first-principles calculations, we predict ABC-stacked graphdiyne as a nodal line semimetal (NLSM) with Z2 monopole charges having the linking structure. Finally, we develop a formula for computing the second Stiefel-Whitney class based on parity eigenvalues at inversion-invariant momenta, which is used to prove the quantized bulk magnetoelectric response of NLSMs with Z2 monopole charges under a T-breaking perturbation. © 2018 American Physical Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5193
ISSN
0031-9007
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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