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분자 분광학 및 동력학 연구단
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Quantum optical measurement with tripartite entangled photons generated by triple parametric down-conversion

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Title
Quantum optical measurement with tripartite entangled photons generated by triple parametric down-conversion
Author(s)
Minhaeng Cho
Publication Date
2018-05
Journal
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS, v.148, no.18, pp.184111 -
Publisher
AMER INST PHYSICS
Abstract
Parametric down-conversion is a second-order nonlinear optical process annihilating a pump photon and creating a pair of photons in the signal and idler modes. Then, by using two parametric down-converters and introducing a path indistinguishability for the two generated idler modes, a quantum coherence between two conjugate signal beams can be induced. Such a double spontaneous or stimulated parametric down-conversion scheme has been used to demonstrate quantum spectroscopy and imaging with undetected idler photons via measuring one-photon interference between their correlated signal beams. Recently, we considered another quantum optical measurement scheme utilizing W-type tripartite entangled signal photons that can be generated by employing three spontaneous parametric down-conversion crystals and by inducing coherences or path-indistinguishabilities between their correlated idler beams and between quantum vacuum fields. Here, we consider an extended triple stimulated parametric down-conversion scheme for quantum optical measurement of sample properties with undetected idler and photons. Noting the real effect of vacuum field indistinguishability on the fringe visibility as well as the role of zero-point field energy in the interferometry, we show that this scheme is an ideal and efficient way to create a coherent state of W-type entangled signal photons. We anticipate that this scheme would be of critical use in further developing quantum optical measurements in spectroscopy and microscopy with undetected photons.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4546
ISSN
0021-9606
Appears in Collections:
Center for Molecular Spectroscopy and Dynamics(분자 분광학 및 동력학 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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