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다차원 탄소재료 연구단
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Vanadium Dioxide-Graphene Composite with Ultrafast Anchoring Behavior of Polysulfides for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

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Title
Vanadium Dioxide-Graphene Composite with Ultrafast Anchoring Behavior of Polysulfides for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
Author(s)
Yingze Song; Wen Zhao; Xingyu Zhu; Li Zhang; Qiucheng Li; Feng Ding; Zhongfan Liu; Jingyu Sun
Publication Date
2018-05
Journal
ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.10, no.18, pp.15733 - 15741
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Abstract
The lithium-sulfur (Li-S) battery has been deemed as one of the most promising energy-storage systems owing to its high energy density, low cost, and environmental benignancy. However, the capacity decay and kinetic sluggishness stemming from polysulfide shuttle effects have by far posed a great challenge to practical performance. We herein demonstrate the employment of low-cost, wet-chemistry-derived VO2 nanobelts as the effective host additives for the graphene-based sulfur cathode. The VO2 nanobelts displayed an ultrafast anchoring behavior of polysulfides, managing to completely decolor the polysulfide solution in 50 s. Such a fast and strong anchoring ability of VO2 was further investigated and verified by experimental and theoretical investigations. Benefitting from the synergistic effect exerted by VO2 in terms of chemical confinement and catalytic conversion of polysulfides, the Li-S batteries incorporating VO2 and graphene manifested excellent cycling and rate performances. Notably, the batteries delivered an initial discharge capacity of 1405 mAh g(-1)when cycling at 0.2 C, showed an advanced rate performance of similar to 830 mAh g(-1) at 2 C, and maintained a stable cycling performance at high current densities of 1, 2, and 5 C over 200 cycles, paving a practical route toward cost-effective and environmentally benign cathode design for high-energy Li-S batteries © 2018 American Chemical Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4526
ISSN
1944-8244
Appears in Collections:
Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials(다차원 탄소재료 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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