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Effect of Catalyst Layer Ionomer Content on Performance of Intermediate Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (IT-PEMFCs) under Reduced Humidity Conditions

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Title
Effect of Catalyst Layer Ionomer Content on Performance of Intermediate Temperature Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (IT-PEMFCs) under Reduced Humidity Conditions
Author(s)
Cho M.K.; Park H.-Y.; Lee S.Y.; Lee B.-S.; Kim H.-J.; Henkensmeier D.; Yoo S.J.; Kim J.Y.; Han J.; Park H.S.; Jang J.H.; Yung-Eun Sung; Jong Hyun Jang
Publication Date
2017-01
Journal
ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, v.224, no., pp.228 - 234
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Abstract
For intermediate-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (IT-PEMFCs), the effects of the cathode gas flow rate and the ionomer content are experimentally examined at 120 °C under conditions of low relative humidity (RH). The IT-PEMFC operation at low RH should be beneficial in developing compact systems with smaller humidifiers. First, analysis of the effect of gas flow rate at various current densities confirms that drying of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) is an important factor in IT-PEMFC operation, whereas cathode flooding becomes significant in regions of high current density with low flow rates. Then, MEAs with various contents of Aquivion™ ionomer are fabricated, and the combined effect of drying and flooding is further investigated by IT-PEMFC tests at various RH conditions and current densities. The optimum ionomer content increases with decreasing current density at 20% RH or below, indicating that MEA drying becomes dominant over cathode flooding. © 2016 Elsevier Lt
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/3489
ISSN
0013-4686
Appears in Collections:
Center for Nanoparticle Research(나노입자 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
Files in This Item:
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