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다차원 탄소재료 연구단
다차원 탄소재료 연구단
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Creating Pores on Graphene Platelets by Low-Temperature KOH Activation for Enhanced Electrochemical Performance

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Title
Creating Pores on Graphene Platelets by Low-Temperature KOH Activation for Enhanced Electrochemical Performance
Author(s)
Shuilin Wu; Guanxiong Chen; Na Yeon Kim; Kun Ni; Wencong Zeng; Yuan Zhao; Zhuchen Tao; Hengxing Ji; Zonghoon Lee; Yanwu Zhu
Publication Date
2016-05
Journal
SMALL, v.12, no.17, pp.2376 - 2384
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Abstract
KOH activation of microwave exfoliated graphite oxide (MEGO) is investigated in detail at temperatures of 450-550 degrees C. Out of the activation temperature range conventionally used for the preparation of activated carbons (> 600 degrees C), the reaction between KOH and MEGO platelets at relatively low temperatures allows one to trace the structural transition from quasi-two-dimensional graphene platelets to three-dimensional porous carbon. In addition, it is found that nanometer-sized pores are created in the graphene platelets at the activation temperature of around 450 degrees C, leading to a carbon that maintains the platelet-like morphology, yet with a specifi c surface area much higher than MEGO (e. g., increased from 156 to 937 m(2) g(-1)). Such a porous yet highly conducting carbon shows a largely enhanced electrochemical activity and thus improved electrochemical performance when being used as electrodes in supercapacitors. A specifi c capacitance of 265 F g(-1) (185 F cm(-3)) is obtained at a current density of 1 A g(-1) in 6 m KOH electrolyte, which remains 223 F g(-1) (156 F cm(-3)) at the current density of 10 A g(-1). © 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/2698
ISSN
1613-6810
Appears in Collections:
Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials(다차원 탄소재료 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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