JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, v.13, no.30, pp.6912 - 6918
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Brownian information engines can extract work from thermal fluctuations by utilizing information. To date, the studies on Brownian information engines consider the system in a thermal bath; however, many processes in nature occur in a nonequilibrium setting, such as the suspensions of self-propelled microorganisms or cellular environments called an active bath. Here, we introduce an archetypal model for a Maxwell-demon type cyclic Brownian information engine operating in a Gaussian correlated active bath capable of extracting more work than its thermal counterpart. We obtain a general integral fluctuation theorem for the active engine that includes additional mutual information gained from the active bath with a unique effective temperature. This effective description modifies the generalized second law and provides a new upper bound for the extracted work. Unlike the passive information engine operating in a thermal bath, the active information engine extracts colossal power that peaks at the finite cycle period. Our study provides fundamental insights into the design and functioning of synthetic and biological submicrometer motors in active baths under measurement and feedback control.