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Thickness-Driven Morphotropic Phase Transition in Metastable Ferroelectric CaTiO3 Films

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Title
Thickness-Driven Morphotropic Phase Transition in Metastable Ferroelectric CaTiO3 Films
Author(s)
Ji Hye Lee; Hong Joon Kim; Ryoo, Eunjo; Jang, Jinhyuk; Kim, Sanghyeon; Jeong Rae Kim; Park, Se Young; Choi, Si-Young; Tae Won Noh; Lee, Daesu
Publication Date
2022-06
Journal
Advanced Electronic Materials, v.8, no.6
Publisher
Wiley-VCH Verlag
Abstract
The intimate coexistence of multiple phases in ferroelectrics has been shown to result in exotic electromechanical properties, such as giant piezoelectricity. Here, via a thickness-driven phase transition, the phase coexistence and enhanced piezoelectricity in a few tens of nanometers thick, Pb-free CaTiO3 films are demonstrated. Due to the competition between interfacial and bulk energies, as film thickness increases, epitaxial CaTiO3 films exhibit a ferroelectric-to-paraelectric phase transition that is concomitant with the rhombohedral-to-orthorhombic structural transition. This so-called thickness-driven morphotropic phase transition (MPT) in nanoscale CaTiO3 films stems from the metastable nature of ferroelectricity. The resulting morphotropic phase boundary at the atomic scale in nanoscale CaTiO3 films is visualized. It is also shown that this thickness-driven MPT can lead to reasonably good piezoelectricity at the nanoscale. This study highlights the rich phase evolution of complex ferroelectrics as a novel platform to control the functionality of nanoscale electromechanical devices.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/11924
DOI
10.1002/aelm.202101398
ISSN
2199-160X
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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