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Multiple ferroic orders and toroidal magnetoelectricity in the chiral magnet BaCoSiO4

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Title
Multiple ferroic orders and toroidal magnetoelectricity in the chiral magnet BaCoSiO4
Author(s)
Xu, Xianghan; Huang, Fei-Ting; Admasu, Alemayehu S.; Marie Kratochvílová; Chu, Ming-Wen; Je-Geun Park; Cheong, Sang-Wook
Publication Date
2022-05
Journal
Physical Review B, v.105, no.18
Publisher
American Physical Society
Abstract
Discovering ferroic phase transitions and their consequential physical properties is at the core of condensed matter science due to rich physics and tremendous technological promises. BaCoSiO4, a chiral antiferromagnet, belongs to the tetrahedron-based chiral system, and exhibits diverse ferroic orders with coexisting chirality, polarity, trimerization, ferrorotational distortions, and magnetism. However, their mutual couplings remain to be explored. In this work, we used a comprehensive combination of several experimental tools - in situ x-ray, transmission electron microscopy, magnetization, and magnetoelectric measurements of single-crystalline BaCoSiO4 - to investigate hierarchical phase transitions, their microscopic domain structures, and the resulting magnetoelectricity. We found that two different structural chiralities develop through distinct processes: global homochirality and local heterochirality induced by the ferrorotational distortions on top of existing polarization. In addition, magnetic chirality, with the simultaneous presence of net magnetic moment and magnetic toroidal moment, develops below 3.2 K due to the global chirality, which leads to magnetic field tunable toroidal magnetoelectricity. Thus, BaCoSiO4 exhibits uniquely all four types of ferroic orders and provides an avenue to explore, for example, tunable or dynamic coupling of multiple ferroic degrees of freedom.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/11704
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevB.105.184407
ISSN
2469-9950
Appears in Collections:
Center for Correlated Electron Systems(강상관계 물질 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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