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Timmermann, Axel
기후물리 연구단
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Climate effects on archaic human habitats and species successions

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Title
Climate effects on archaic human habitats and species successions
Author(s)
Axel Timmermann; Kyung-Sook Yun; Raia, Pasquale; Jiaoyang Ruan; Mondanaro, Alessandro; Elke Zeller; Zollikofer, Christoph; Ponce de León, Marcia; Danielle Lemmon; Willeit, Matteo; Ganopolski, Andrey
Publication Date
2022-04
Journal
Nature, v.604, no.7906, pp.495 - 501
Publisher
Nature Research
Abstract
© 2022, The Author(s).It has long been believed that climate shifts during the last 2 million years had a pivotal role in the evolution of our genus Homo1–3. However, given the limited number of representative palaeo-climate datasets from regions of anthropological interest, it has remained challenging to quantify this linkage. Here, we use an unprecedented transient Pleistocene coupled general circulation model simulation in combination with an extensive compilation of fossil and archaeological records to study the spatiotemporal habitat suitability for five hominin species over the past 2 million years. We show that astronomically forced changes in temperature, rainfall and terrestrial net primary production had a major impact on the observed distributions of these species. During the Early Pleistocene, hominins settled primarily in environments with weak orbital-scale climate variability. This behaviour changed substantially after the mid-Pleistocene transition, when archaic humans became global wanderers who adapted to a wide range of spatial climatic gradients. Analysis of the simulated hominin habitat overlap from approximately 300–400 thousand years ago further suggests that antiphased climate disruptions in southern Africa and Eurasia contributed to the evolutionary transformation of Homo heidelbergensis populations into Homo sapiens and Neanderthals, respectively. Our robust numerical simulations of climate-induced habitat changes provide a framework to test hypotheses on our human origin.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/11430
DOI
10.1038/s41586-022-04600-9
ISSN
0028-0836
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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