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Elucidation of Novel Potassium-Mediated Oxidation and Etching of Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

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Title
Elucidation of Novel Potassium-Mediated Oxidation and Etching of Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
Author(s)
Aram Yoon; Jung Hwa Kim; Zonghoon Lee
Publication Date
2021-10-20
Journal
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, v.13, no.41, pp.49163 - 49171
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Abstract
© 2021 American Chemical Society.Preparation of edge-rich two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalocogenides (TMDs) has been actively investigated with the aim to improve their electrical and catalytic properties. Here, we elucidate the role of potassium ions in oxidation of TMDs and suggest a consequent novel anisotropic etching mechanism driven by self-running oxide droplets. We discover that potassium-mediated oxidation of MoS2 leads to the formation of K-intercalated hexagonal-phase molybdenum oxides (h-KxMoO3), whereas orthorhombic-phase oxides are formed in the absence of potassium ions. Metastable h-KxMoO3 appears to have decomposed into oxide droplets at higher temperature. Self-running of the oxide droplets leads to layer-by-layer anisotropic etching of MoS2 along the armchair direction. The motion of the droplets appears to be triggered by the surface energy instability between the oxide droplets and the underlying MoS2 layer. This study opens new possibilities to design and manufacture novel edge-rich 2D TMDs that do not follow the equilibrium Wulff shape by modulating their oxidation with the assistance of alkali metals and also offers fundamental insights into the interactions between nanodroplets and 2D materials toward edge engineering.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/10644
DOI
10.1021/acsami.1c13607
ISSN
1944-8244
Appears in Collections:
Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials(다차원 탄소재료 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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