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Caspian Sea and Black Sea Response to Greenhouse Warming in a High-Resolution Global Climate Model

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Title
Caspian Sea and Black Sea Response to Greenhouse Warming in a High-Resolution Global Climate Model
Author(s)
Lei Huang; Sun-Seon Lee; Axel Timmermann
Publication Date
2021-02
Journal
Geophysical Research Letters, v.48, no.4
Publisher
American Geophysical Union
Abstract
© 2020. The Authors.The Caspian Sea and the Black Sea are the Earth's largest inland seas. How their temperature, circulation, and freshwater balance will respond to greenhouse warming remains unresolved. Previous studies have relied on coarse-resolution coupled or regional uncoupled climate models with limited abilities to resolve regional features. Here, we present results from century-long greenhouse warming simulations conducted with the Community Earth System Model using a global horizontal resolution of 1/10° in the ocean and inland seas and 1/4° in the atmosphere. In response to CO2 doubling surface temperatures in the inland seas increase by about 2.5°C. An overall reduction of wind stress curl causes a spin-down of the main gyre circulations, reaching about −20%/CO2 doubling for the Black Sea Rim Current. Increased future evaporation translates to negative equivalent sea level trends of about −0.1 m/year/CO2 doubling. The robust climate shifts presented here are likely to impact ecosystems, fisheries, and threaten existing coastal infrastructures.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/9479
DOI
10.1029/2020GL090270
ISSN
0094-8276
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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