JOURNAL OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS, v.2020, no.12, pp.1 - 43
We study self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) scenarios, where the s-wave self-scattering cross section almost saturates the Unitarity bound. Such self-scattering cross sections are singly parameterized by the dark matter mass, and are featured by strong velocity dependence in a wide range of velocities. They may be indicated by observations of dark matter halos in a wide range of masses, from Milky Way's dwarf spheroidal galaxies to galaxy clusters. We pin down the model parameters that saturates the Unitarity bound in well-motivated SIDM models: the gauged L-mu- L-tau model and composite asymmetric dark matter model. We discuss implications and predictions of such model parameters for cosmology like the H-0 tension and dark-matter direct-detection experiments, and particle phenomenology like the beam-dump experiments.