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유전체 교정 연구단
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Phospholipase pPLAIIIa increases germination rate and resistance to turnip crinkle virus when overexpressed

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Title
Phospholipase pPLAIIIa increases germination rate and resistance to turnip crinkle virus when overexpressed
Author(s)
Jang, J.H.; Nguyen, N.Q.; Legeret, B.; Beisson, F.; Kim, Y.-J.; Hee-Jung Sim; Lee, O.R.
Publication Date
2020-11
Journal
Plant Physiology, v.184, no.3, pp.1482 - 1498
Publisher
American Society of Plant Biologists
Abstract
Patatin-related phospholipase As (pPLAs) are major hydrolases acting on acyl-lipids and play important roles in various plant developmental processes. pPLAIII group members, which lack a canonical catalytic Ser motif, have been less studied than other pPLAs. We report here the characterization of pPLAIIIa in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) based on the biochemical and physiological characterization of pPLAIIIa knockouts, complementants, and overexpressors, as well as heterologous expression of the protein. In vitro activity assays on the purified recombinant protein showed that despite lack of canonical phospholipase motifs, pPLAIIIa had a phospholipase A activity on a wide variety of phospholipids. Overexpression of pPLAIIIa in Arabidopsis resulted in a decrease in many lipid molecular species, but the composition in major lipid classes was not affected. Fluorescence tagging indicated that pPLAIIIa localizes to the plasma membrane. Although Arabidopsis pplaIIIa knockout mutants showed some phenotypes comparable to other pPLAIIIs, such as reduced trichome length and increased hypocotyl length, control of seed size and germination were identified as distinctive pPLAIIIa-mediated functions. Expression of some PLD genes was strongly reduced in the pplaIIIa mutants. Overexpression of pPLAIIIa caused increased resistance to turnip crinkle virus, which associated with a 2-fold higher salicylic acid/jasmonic acid ratio and an increased expression of the defense gene pathogenesis-related protein1. These results therefore show that pPLAIIIa has functions that overlap with those of other pPLAIIIs but also distinctive functions, such as the control of seed germination. This study also provides new insights into the pathways downstream of pPLAIIIa
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/9016
DOI
10.1104/pp.20.00630
ISSN
0032-0889
Appears in Collections:
Center for Genome Engineering(유전체 교정 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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