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Simulating Marine Isotope Stage 7 with a coupled climate-ice sheet model

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Title
Simulating Marine Isotope Stage 7 with a coupled climate-ice sheet model
Author(s)
Dipayan Choudhury; Axel Timmermann; Fabian Schloesser; Malte Heinemann; David Pollard
Publication Date
2020-11
Journal
CLIMATE OF THE PAST, v.16, no.6, pp.2183 - 2201
Publisher
EUROPEAN GEOSCIENCES UNION
Abstract
© Author(s) 2020. It is widely accepted that orbital variations are responsible for the generation of glacial cycles during the late Pleistocene. However, the relative contributions of the orbital forcing compared to CO2 variations and other feedback mechanisms causing the waxing and waning of ice-sheets have not been fully understood. Testing theories of ice-ages beyond statistical inferences, requires numerical modeling experiments that capture key features of glacial transitions. Here, we focus on the glacial build-up from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 7 to 6 covering the period from 240–170 ka (thousand years before present). This transition from interglacial to glacial conditions includes one of the fastest Pleistocene glaciation/deglaciation events which occurred during MIS 7e-7d-7c (236–218 ka). Using a newly developed three-dimensional coupled atmosphere-ocean-vegetation-ice-sheet model (LOVECLIP), we simulate the transient evolution of northern and southern hemisphere ice-sheets during the MIS 7-6 period in response to orbital and greenhouse-gas forcing. For a range of model parameters, the simulations capture the reconstructed evolution of global ice volume reasonably well. It is demonstrated that glacial inceptions are more sensitive to orbital variations, whereas terminations from deep glacial conditions need both orbital and greenhouse gas forcings to work in unison. For some parameter values, the coupled model also exhibits a critical North American ice sheet configuration, beyond which a stationary wave – ice-sheet topography feedback can trigger an unabated and unrealistic ice-sheet growth. The strong parameter sensitivity found in this study originates from the fact that delicate mass imbalances, as well as errors, are integrated during a transient simulation for thousands of years. This poses a general challenge for transient coupled climate-ice sheet modeling.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/7561
DOI
10.5194/cp-2020-46
ISSN
1814-9324
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > 1. Journal Papers (저널논문)
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