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뇌과학이미징연구단
뇌과학 이미징 연구단
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Individual-level lesion-network mapping to visualize the effects of a stroke lesion on the brain network: Connectograms in stroke syndromes

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Title
Individual-level lesion-network mapping to visualize the effects of a stroke lesion on the brain network: Connectograms in stroke syndromes
Author(s)
Lim J.-S.; Jae-Joong Lee; Choong-Wan Woo; Song J.; Oh M.-S.; Yu K.-H.; Lee B.-C.
Publication Date
2020-01
Journal
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NEUROLOGY, v.16, no.1, pp.116 - 123
Publisher
KOREAN NEUROLOGICAL ASSOC
Abstract
© 2020 Korean Neurological Association.Background and Purpose Similar-sized stroke lesions at similar locations can have different prognoses in clinical practice. Lesion-network mapping elucidates network-level effects of lesions that cause specific neurologic symptoms and signs, and also provides a group-level understanding. This study visualized the effects of stroke lesions on the functional brain networks of individual patients. Methods We enrolled patients with ischemic stroke who were hospitalized within 1 week of the stroke occurrence. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed 3 months after the index stroke. For image preprocessing, acute stroke lesions were visually delineated based on diffusion-weighted images obtained at admission, and the lesion mask was drawn using MRIcron software. Correlation matrices were calculated from 280 brain regions using the Brainnetome Atlas, and connectograms were visualized using in-house MATLAB code. Results We found characteristic differences in connectograms between pairs of patients who had comparable splenial, frontal cortical, cerebellar, and thalamocapsular lesions. Two representative patients with bilateral thalamic infarctions showed significant differences in their reconstructed connectograms. The cognitive function had recovered well at 3 months after stroke occurrence in patients with well-maintained interhemispheric and intrahemispheric connectivities. Conclusions This pilot study has visualized the effects of stroke lesions on the functional brain networks of individual patients. Consideration of the neurobiologic mechanisms underlying the differences between their connectograms has yielded new hypotheses about differences in the effects of stroke lesions
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/7189
ISSN
1738-6586
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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