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기후물리 연구단
기후물리 연구단
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Role of the surface boundary conditions in boreal spring on the interannual variability of the multistage evolution of the East Asian summer monsoon

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Title
Role of the surface boundary conditions in boreal spring on the interannual variability of the multistage evolution of the East Asian summer monsoon
Author(s)
HYOEUN OH; KYUNG-JA HA
Publication Date
2020-03
Journal
JOURNAL OF CLIMATE, v.33, no.5, pp.1845 - 1861
Publisher
AMER METEOROLOGICAL SOC
Abstract
© 2020 American Meteorological Society.The seasonal movement of the upper-level jet plays a key role in the evolution of the East Asian summer monsoon (EASM). However, it remains unresolved how interannual changes in surface boundary conditions can influence the upper-level flow over East Asia, thereby modulating the onset of the EASM. Here we capture the timing of multistage evolution over East Asia using the upper-level zonal wind in a two-phase linear regression model. In addition, we show the impact of two surface boundary conditions on the timing of the EASM onset related to the strength of the upper-level zonal wind: 1) eastern Eurasian snow cover and 2) western North Pacific (WNP) sea surface temperature (SST) tendency. The eddy heat fluxes induced by the enhanced eastern Eurasian snow cover develop an anomalous anticyclonic circulation to the northwest, which causes anomalous warm southwesterly flow toward the north. These can make a reversal of the meridional temperature gradient, which results in the early monsoon onset via changes in the upper-level jet. The upper-level jet also responds to the SST tendency in April over the WNP via thermal wind balance and the resultant changes in transient eddy-induced heat transport. Our findings suggest potential sources for seasonal predictability in the interannual EASM onset dates
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/7154
ISSN
0894-8755
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널 논문)
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8. Role of the Surface Boundary Conditions in Boreal Spring on the Interannual Variability of the Multistage Evolution of the East A.pdfDownload

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