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기후물리 연구단
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Ecological networks: Pursuing the shortest path, however narrow and crooked

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Title
Ecological networks: Pursuing the shortest path, however narrow and crooked
Author(s)
Andrea Costa; González, Ana M. Martín; Guizien, Katell; Doglioli, Andrea M.; Gómez, José María; Petrenko, Anne A.; Allesina, Stefano
Publication Date
2019-11
Journal
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.9, no., pp.17826 -
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Abstract
Representing data as networks cuts across all sub-disciplines in ecology and evolutionary biology. Besides providing a compact representation of the interconnections between agents, network analysis allows the identification of especially important nodes, according to various metrics that often rely on the calculation of the shortest paths connecting any two nodes. While the interpretation of a shortest paths is straightforward in binary, unweighted networks, whenever weights are reported, the calculation could yield unexpected results. We analyzed 129 studies of ecological networks published in the last decade that use shortest paths, and discovered a methodological inaccuracy related to the edge weights used to calculate shortest paths (and related centrality measures), particularly in interaction networks. Specifically, 49% of the studies do not report sufficient information on the calculation to allow their replication, and 61% of the studies on weighted networks may contain errors in how shortest paths are calculated. Using toy models and empirical ecological data, we show how to transform the data prior to calculation and illustrate the pitfalls that need to be avoided. We conclude by proposing a five-point check-list to foster best-practices in the calculation and reporting of centrality measures in ecology and evolution studies. © The Author(s) 2019
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/6822
ISSN
2045-2322
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널 논문)
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