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North American April tornado occurrences linked to global sea surface temperature anomalies

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Title
North American April tornado occurrences linked to global sea surface temperature anomalies
Author(s)
J.-E. Chu; A. Timmermann; J.-Y. Lee
Publication Date
2019-08
Journal
SCIENCE ADVANCES, v.5, no.8, pp.eaaw9950 -
Publisher
AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
Abstract
Copyright © 2019 The Authors,Annual tornado occurrences over North America display large interannual variability and a statistical linkage to sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies. However, the underlying physical mechanisms for this connection and its modulation in a rapidly varying seasonal environment still remain elusive. Using tornado data over the United States from 1954 to 2016 in combination with SST-forced atmospheric general circulation models, we show a robust dynamical linkage between global SST conditions in April, the emergence of the Pacific-North American teleconnection pattern (PNA), and the year-to-year tornado activity in the Southern Great Plains (SGP) region of the United States. Contrasting previous studies, we find that only in April SST-driven atmospheric circulation anomalies can effectively control the northward moisture-laden flow from the Gulf of Mexico, boosting low-level moisture flux convergence over the SGP. These strong large-scale connections are absent in other months because of the strong seasonality of the PNA and background moisture conditions
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/6452
ISSN
2375-2548
Appears in Collections:
Center for Climate Physics(기후물리 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널 논문)
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