Genome-wide target specificity of CRISPR RNA-guided adenine base editors

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Title
Genome-wide target specificity of CRISPR RNA-guided adenine base editors
Author(s)
Dae Sik Kim; Da-eun Kim; Gyeorae Lee; Sung-Ik Cho; Jin Soo Kim
Publication Date
2019-04
Journal
NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, v.37, no.4, pp.430 - 435
Publisher
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Abstract
Adenine base editors 1 enable efficient targeted adenine-to-guanine single nucleotide conversions to induce or correct point mutations in human cells, animals, and plants 1–4 . Here we present a modified version of Digenome-seq, an in vitro method for identifying CRISPR (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats)-induced double-strand breaks using whole-genome sequencing 5–8 , to assess genome-wide target specificity of adenine base editors. To produce double-strand breaks at sites containing inosines, the products of adenine deamination, we treat human genomic DNA with an adenine base editor 7.10 protein–guide RNA complex and either endonuclease V or a combination of human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase and endonuclease VIII in vitro. Digenome-seq detects adenine base editor off-target sites with a substitution frequency of 0.1% or more. We show that adenine base editor 7.10, the cytosine base editor BE3, and unmodified CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) often recognize different off-target sites, highlighting the need for independent assessments of their genome-wide specificities 6 . Using targeted sequencing, we also show that use of preassembled adenine base editor ribonucleoproteins, modified guide RNAs 5,8–11 , and Sniper/Cas9 (ref. 12 ) reduces adenine base editor off-target activity in human cells. © 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature America, Inc
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5993
ISSN
1087-0156
Appears in Collections:
Center for Genome Engineering(유전체 교정 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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