Dominance of layer-specific microvessel dilation in contrast-enhanced high-resolution fMRI: Comparison between hemodynamic spread and vascular architecture with CLARITY

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Title
Dominance of layer-specific microvessel dilation in contrast-enhanced high-resolution fMRI: Comparison between hemodynamic spread and vascular architecture with CLARITY
Author(s)
Alexander John Poplawsky; Mitsuhiro Fukuda; Bok-man Kang; Jae Hwan Kim; Minah Suh; Seong-Gi Kim
Publication Date
2019-08
Journal
NEUROIMAGE, v.197, no., pp.657 - 667
Publisher
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Abstract
Contrast-enhanced cerebral blood volume-weighted (CBVw) fMRI response peaks are specific to the layer of evoked synaptic activity (Poplawsky et al., 2015), but the spatial resolution limit of CBVw fMRI is unknown. In this study, we measured the laminar spread of the CBVw fMRI evoked response in the external plexiform layer (EPL, 265 ± 65 μm anatomical thickness, mean ± SD, n ¼ 30 locations from 5 rats) of the rat olfactory bulb during electrical stimulation of the lateral olfactory tract and examined its potential vascular source. First, we obtained the evoked CBVw fMRI responses with a 55 55 μm2 in-plane resolution and a 500-μm thickness at 9.4 T, and found that the fMRI signal peaked predominantly in the inner half of EPL (136 ± 54 μm anatomical thickness). The mean full-width at half-maximum of these fMRI peaks was 347 ± 102 μm and the functional spread was approximately 100 or 200 μm when the effects of the laminar thicknesses of EPL or inner EPL were removed, respectively. Second, we visualized the vascular architecture of EPL from a different rat using a Clear Lipidexchanged Anatomically Rigid Imaging/immunostaining-compatible Tissue hYdrogel (CLARITY)-based tissue preparation method and confocal microscopy. Microvascular segments with an outer diameter of <11 μm accounted for 64.3% of the total vascular volume within EPL and had a mean segment length of 55 ± 40 μm (n ¼ 472). Additionally, vessels that crossed the EPL border had a mean segment length outside of EPL equal to 73 ± 61 μm (n ¼ 28), which is comparable to half of the functional spread (50–100 μm). Therefore, we conclude that dilation of these microvessels, including capillaries, likely dominate the CBVw fMRI response and that the biological limit of the fMRI spatial resolution is approximately the average length of 1–2 microvessel segments, which may be sufficient for examining sublaminar circuits. © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5962
ISSN
1053-8119
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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