Longitudinal study of hemodynamics and dendritic membrane potential changes in the mouse cortex following a soft cranial window installation

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Title
Longitudinal study of hemodynamics and dendritic membrane potential changes in the mouse cortex following a soft cranial window installation
Author(s)
Hyejin Park; Nayeon You; Juheon Lee; Minah Suh
Publication Date
2019-01
Journal
Neurophotonics, v.6, no.1, pp.015006 -
Publisher
SPIE
Abstract
The soft cranial window using polydimethylsiloxane allows direct multiple access to neural tissue during long-term monitoring. However, the chronic effects of soft window installation on the brain have not been fully studied. Here, we investigate the long-term effects of soft window installation on sensory-evoked cerebral hemodynamics and neuronal activity. We monitored the brain tissue immunocytohistology for 6 weeks postinstallation. Heightened reactive astrocytic and microglia levels were found at 2 weeks postinstallation. By 6 weeks postinstallation, mice had expression levels similar to those of normal animals. We recorded sensory-evoked hemodynamics of the barrel cortex and LFP during whisker stimulation at these time points. Animals at 6 weeks postinstallation showed stronger hemodynamic responses and focalized barrel mapping than 2-week postoperative mice. LFP recordings of 6-week postoperative mice also showed higher neural activity at the barrel column corresponding to the stimulated whisker. Furthermore, the expression level of interleukin-1β was highly upregulated at 2 weeks postinstallation. When we treated animals postoperatively with minocycline plus N-acetylcystein, a drug-suppressing inflammatory cytokine, these animals did not show declined hemodynamic responses and neuronal activities. This result suggests that neuroinflammation following soft window installation may alter hemodynamic and neuronal responses upon sensory stimulation. © 2019 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5735
ISSN
2329-423X
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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