Effectiveness of imaging genetics analysis to explain degree of depression in Parkinson's disease

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Title
Effectiveness of imaging genetics analysis to explain degree of depression in Parkinson's disease
Author(s)
Ji Hye Won; Mansu Kim; Bo-yong Park; Jinyoung Youn; Hyunjin Park
Publication Date
2019-02
Journal
PLOS ONE, v.14, no.2, pp.e0211699 -
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Abstract
Depression is one of the most common and important neuropsychiatric symptoms in Parkinson's disease and often becomes worse as Parkinson's disease progresses. However, the underlying mechanisms of depression in Parkinson's disease are not clear. The aim of our study was to find genetic features related to depression in Parkinson's disease using an imaging genetics approach and to construct an analytical model for predicting the degree of depression in Parkinson's disease. The neuroimaging and genotyping data were obtained from an openly accessible database. We computed imaging features through connectivity analysis derived from tractography of diffusion tensor imaging. The imaging features were used as intermediate phenotypes to identify genetic variants according to the imaging genetics approach. We then constructed a linear regression model using the genetic features from imaging genetics approach to describe clinical scores indicating the degree of depression. As a comparison, we constructed other models using imaging features and genetic features based on references to demonstrate the effectiveness of our imaging genetics model. The models were trained and tested in a five-fold cross-validation. The imaging genetics approach identified several brain regions and genes known to be involved in depression, with the potential to be used as meaningful biomarkers. Our proposed model using imaging genetic features predicted and explained the degree of depression in Parkinson's disease appropriately (adjusted R2 larger than 0.6 over five training folds) and with a lower error and higher correlation than with other models over five test folds. © 2019 Won et al.
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/5721
ISSN
1932-6203
Appears in Collections:
Center for Neuroscience Imaging Research (뇌과학 이미징 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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