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Development of a bio-magnetic measurement system and sensor configuration analysis for rats

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Title
Development of a bio-magnetic measurement system and sensor configuration analysis for rats
Author(s)
Kim, JE; Kim, IS; Kim, K; Lim, S; Kwon, H; Chan Seok Kang; Ahn, S; Yu, KK; Lee, YH
Publication Date
2017-04
Journal
REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS, v.88, no.4, pp.044704 -
Publisher
AMER INST PHYSICS
Abstract
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) based on superconducting quantum interference devices enables the measurement of very weak magnetic fields (10-1000 fT) generated from the human or animal brain. In this article, we introduce a small MEG system that we developed specifically for use with rats. Our system has the following characteristics: (1) variable distance between the pick-up coil and outer Dewar bottom (similar to 5 mm), (2) small pick-up coil (4 mm) for high spatial resolution, (3) good field sensitivity (45 similar to 80 fT/cm/root Hz), (4) the sensor interval satisfies the Nyquist spatial sampling theorem, and (5) small source localization error for the region to be investigated. To reduce source localization error, it is necessary to establish an optimal sensor layout. To this end, we simulated confidence volumes at each point on a grid on the surface of a virtual rat head. In this simulation, we used locally fitted spheres as model rat heads. This enabled us to consider more realistic volume currents. We constrained the model such that the dipoles could have only four possible orientations: the x- and y-axes from the original coordinates, and two tangentially layered dipoles (local x- and y-axes) in the locally fitted spheres. We considered the confidence volumes according to the sensor layout and dipole orientation and positions. We then conducted a preliminary test with a 4-channel MEG system prior to manufacturing the multi-channel system. Using the 4-channel MEG system, we measured rat magnetocardiograms. We obtained well defined P-, QRS-, and T-waves in rats with a maximum value of 15 pT/cm. Finally, we measured auditory evoked fields and steady state auditory evoked fields with maximum values 400 fT/cm and 250 fT/cm, respectively. Published by AIP Publishing
URI
http://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4810
DOI
10.1063/1.4979071
ISSN
0034-6748
Appears in Collections:
Center for Underground Physics(지하실험 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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