Room temperature olefination of methane with titanium-carbon multiple bonds

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Title
Room temperature olefination of methane with titanium-carbon multiple bonds
Author(s)
Takashi Kurogi; Joonghee Won; Bohyun Park; Oleksandra S. Trofymchuk; Patrick J. Carroll; Mu-Hyun Baik; Daniel J. Mindiola
Publication Date
2018-04
Journal
CHEMICAL SCIENCE, v.9, no.13, pp.3376 - 3385
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Abstract
C-H activation of methane followed by dehydrocoupling at room temperature led ultimately to the formation of the olefin H2CCHtBu via the addition of redox-active ligands (L) such as thioxanthone or 2,2′-bipyridine (bipy) to (PNP)TiCHtBu(CH3) (1). Using both of these exogenous ligand systems, we could trap the titanium fragment via an insertion reaction with these two substrates to afford species of the type (PNP)Ti(L)(LH). A combination of computational and isotopic labeling studies reveals that the L ligand promotes the C-C bond forming step by migration of the methyl moiety in 1 to the α-alkylidene carbon by producing a Ti(iii) species (PNP)Ti{CH(CH3)tBu}(L). In the case of L = thioxanthone, β-hydrogen abstraction gives an olefin, whereas with 2,2′-bipyridine β-hydride elimination and migratory insertion lead to (PNP)Ti(L)(LH). These redox-active ligands play two important roles: (i) they accept an electron from the Ti-alkylidene fragment to allow the methyl to approach the alkylidene and (ii) they serve as traps of a hydrogen atom resulting from olefin elimination. These systems represent the first homogeneous models that can activate methane and selectively dehydrocouple it with a carbene to produce an olefin at room temperature. © 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4734
ISSN
2041-6520
Appears in Collections:
Center for Catalytic Hydrocarbon Functionalizations(분자활성 촉매반응 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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