Self-Heating Dark Matter via Semiannihilation

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Title
Self-Heating Dark Matter via Semiannihilation
Author(s)
Ayuki Kamada; Hee Jung Kim; Hyungjin Kim; Toyokazu Sekiguchi
Publication Date
2018-03
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, v.120, no.13, pp.131802 -
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
The freeze-out of dark matter (DM) depends on the evolution of the DM temperature. The DM temperature does not have to follow the standard model one, when the elastic scattering is not sufficient to maintain the kinetic equilibrium. We study the temperature evolution of the semiannihilating DM, where a pair of the DM particles annihilate into one DM particle and another particle coupled to the standard model sector. We find that the kinetic equilibrium is maintained solely via semiannihilation until the last stage of the freeze-out. After the freeze-out, semiannihilation converts the mass deficit to the kinetic energy of DM, which leads to nontrivial evolution of the DM temperature. We argue that the DM temperature redshifts like radiation as long as the DM self-interaction is efficient. We dub this novel temperature evolution as self-heating. Notably, the structure formation is suppressed at subgalactic scales like keV-scale warm DM but with GeV-scale self-heating DM if the self-heating lasts roughly until the matter-radiation equality. The long duration of the self-heating requires the large self-scattering cross section, which in turn flattens the DM density profile in inner halos. Consequently, self-heating DM can be a unified solution to apparent failures of cold DM to reproduce the observed subgalactic scale structure of the Universe. © 2018 authors. Published by the American Physical Society
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4631
ISSN
0031-9007
Appears in Collections:
Center for Fundamental Theory(순수물리이론 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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