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Comparative transcriptome analysis in Arabidopsis ein2/ore3 and ahk3/ore12 mutants during dark-induced leaf senescence

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Title
Comparative transcriptome analysis in Arabidopsis ein2/ore3 and ahk3/ore12 mutants during dark-induced leaf senescence
Author(s)
Jeongsik Kim; Park, SJ; Il Hwan Lee; Hyosub Chu; Penfold, CA; Jin Hee Kim; Buchanan-Wollaston, V; Hong Gil Nam; Woo, HR; Lim, PO
Publication Date
2018-05
Journal
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY, v.69, no.12, pp.3023 - 3036
Publisher
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Abstract
Leaf senescence involves degenerative but active biological processes that require balanced regulation of pro-and anti-senescing activities. Ethylene and cytokinin are major antagonistic regulatory hormones that control the timing and progression rate of leaf senescence. To identify the roles of these hormones in the regulation of leaf senescence in Arabidopsis, global gene expression profiles in detached leaves of the wild type, an ethylene-insensitive mutant (ein2/ore3), and a constitutive cytokinin response mutant (ahk3/ore12) were investigated during dark-induced leaf senescence. Comparative transcriptome analyses revealed that genes involved in oxidative or salt stress response were preferentially altered in the ein2/ore3 mutant, whereas genes involved in ribosome biogenesis were affected in the ahk3/ore12 mutant during dark-induced leaf senescence. Similar results were also obtained for developmental senescence. Through extensive molecular and physiological analyses in ein2/ore3 and ahk3/ore12 during dark-induced leaf senescence, together with responses when treated with cytokinin and ethylene inhibitor, we conclude that ethylene acts as a senescence-promoting factor via the transcriptional regulation of stress-related responses, whereas cytokinin acts as an anti-senescing agent by maintaining cellular activities and preserving the translational machinery. These findings provide new insights into how plants utilize two antagonistic hormones, ethylene and cytokinin, to regulate the molecular programming of leaf senescence © The Author(s) 2018
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4503
ISSN
0022-0957
Appears in Collections:
Center for Plant Aging Research (식물 노화·수명 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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