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초강력 레이저 과학 연구단
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Effect of a magnetic field on Schwinger mechanism in de Sitter spacetime Highly Cited Paper

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Title
Effect of a magnetic field on Schwinger mechanism in de Sitter spacetime
Author(s)
Bavarsad, E; Sang Pyo Kim; Stahl, C; Xue, SS
Publication Date
2018-01
Journal
PHYSICAL REVIEW D, v.97, no.2, pp.025017 -
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Abstract
We investigate the effect of a uniform magnetic field background on scalar QED pair production in a four-dimensional de Sitter spacetime (dS(4)). We obtain a pair production rate which agrees with the known Schwinger result in the limit of Minkowski spacetime and with Hawking radiation in dS spacetime in the zero electric field limit. Our results describe how the cosmic magnetic field affects the pair production rate in cosmological setups. In addition, using the zeta function regularization scheme we calculate the induced current and examine the effect of a magnetic field on the vacuum expectation value of the current operator. We find that, in the case of a strong electromagnetic background the current responds as E . B, while in the infrared regime, it responds as B/E, which leads to a phenomenon of infrared hyperconductivity. These results for the induced current have important applications for the cosmic magnetic field evolution.
URI
http://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4389
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevD.97.025017
ISSN
2470-0010
Appears in Collections:
Center for Relativistic Laser Science(초강력 레이저과학 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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