Fate of global symmetries in the Universe: QCD axion, quintessential axion and trans-Planckian inflaton decay constant

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Title
Fate of global symmetries in the Universe: QCD axion, quintessential axion and trans-Planckian inflaton decay constant
Author(s)
Jihn E. Kim; Soonkeon Nam; Yannis K. Semetzidis
Publication Date
2018-01
Journal
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MODERN PHYSICS A, v.33, no.3, pp.1830002 -
Publisher
WORLD SCIENTIFIC PUBL CO PTE LTD
Abstract
Pseudoscalars appearing in particle physics are reviewed systematically. From the fundamental point of view at an ultraviolet completed theory, they can be light if they are realized as pseudo-Goldstone bosons of some spontaneously broken global symmetries. The spontaneous breaking scale is parametrized by the decay constant f. The global symmetry is dened by the lowest order terms allowed in the eective theory consistent with the gauge symmetry in question. Since any global symmetry is known to be broken at least by quantum gravitational eects, all pseudoscalars should be massive. The mass scale is determined by f and the explicit breaking terms V in the eective potential and also anomaly terms 4 G for some non-Abelian gauge groups G. The wellknown example by non-Abelian gauge group breaking is the potential for the \invisible" QCD axion, via the Peccei{Quinn symmetry, which constitutes a major part of this review. Even if there is no breaking terms from gauge anomalies, there can be explicit breaking terms V in the potential in which case the leading term suppressed by f determines the pseudoscalar mass scale. If the breaking term is extremely small and the decay constant is trans-Planckian, the corresponding pseudoscalar can be a candidate for a \quintessential axion." In general, (V )1=4 is considered to be smaller than f, and hence the pseudo-Goldstone boson mass scales are considered to be smaller than the decay constants. In such a case, the potential of the pseudo-Goldstone boson at the grand unication scale is suciently at near the top of the potential that it can be a good candidate for an in ationary model, which is known as \natural in ation." We review all these ideas in the bosonic collective motion framework. f . The global symmetry is defined by the lowest order terms allowed in the effective theory consistent with the gauge symmetry in question. Since any global symmetry is known to be broken at least by quantum gravitational effects, all pseudoscalars should be massive. The mass scale is determined by f f and the explicit breaking terms ΔV ΔV in the effective potential and also anomaly terms ΔΛ 4 G ΔΛG4 for some non-Abelian gauge groups G G . The well-known example by non-Abelian gauge group breaking is the potential for the “invisible” QCD axion, via the Peccei–Quinn symmetry, which constitutes a major part of this review. Even if there is no breaking terms from gauge anomalies, there can be explicit breaking terms ΔV ΔV in the potential in which case the leading term suppressed by f f determines the pseudoscalar mass scale. If the breaking term is extremely small and the decay constant is trans-Planckian, the corresponding pseudoscalar can be a candidate for a “quintessential axion.” In general, (ΔV) 1/4 (ΔV)1/4 is considered to be smaller than f f , and hence the pseudo-Goldstone boson mass scales are considered to be smaller than the decay constants. In such a case, the potential of the pseudo-Goldstone boson at the grand unification scale is sufficiently flat near the top of the potential that it can be a good candidate for an inflationary model, which is known as “natural inflation.” We review all these ideas in the bosonic collective motion framework. (c) World Scientific Publishing Company
URI
https://pr.ibs.re.kr/handle/8788114/4344
ISSN
0217-751X
Appears in Collections:
Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research(액시온 및 극한상호작용 연구단) > Journal Papers (저널논문)
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